The Toyota RAV4 burst onto the scene in the mid-1990s and single-handedly created the crossover SUV market that is continuing to explode in popularity to this day.
Toyota took the Corolla chassis and stuck an SUV-like body on top while retaining the same unibody lightweight design.
You can find many of the same parts used in the manufacturing of the Corolla in the RAV4, it has continued to share a chassis ever since.
With no heavy offroad equipment the RAV4 was able to traverse difficult terrain slightly better than a normal road-going car but also was a lot lighter.
This meant the car could be powered by a smaller engine with lighter parts, reducing the weight even further and pushing fuel economy higher than other SUVs on the market.
Shortly after the release of the RAV4 Honda also introduced their own compact crossover SUV based on the Civic chassis called the CR-V.
Since then the two companies have battled against each other alongside many other manufacturers who also launched their own crossover SUVs.
Toyota (as well as other automakers) have since launched smaller and larger crossover SUVs to the market to keep up with the growing demand.
On the larger end (classed as a mid-size crossover SUV) is the Highlander, whereas in the smaller segment is the C-HR (a subcompact crossover SUV).
Customers have gone wild for these new lines thanks to the massive amount of internal room as well as the high driving position that the car possesses.
Over the years since its release, the Toyota RAV4 has evolved to incorporate more and more comfort and safety features to help it appeal to the mainstream market.